BREAKING: Commission Fails to Rush CETA Through

Having announced its intention to try to approve The Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement – CETA – with Canada today, 5th July, the Commission has back tracked. Approval will now be sought from Member States’ national parliaments, though there are still caveats and concerns for campaigners.

Signature handover ECI "Stop TTIP" in Brussels, 3.263.920 people say "No" to TTIP & CETA! (CC BY-SA 2.0)

Former ARC2020 Campaigner Stephanie Roth at the Signature handover ECI “Stop TTIP” in Brussels, 3.263.920 people say “No” to TTIP & CETA! (CC BY-SA 2.0) Photos by Alex GD / Collectif Krasnyi

Yesterday, the Financial Times broke a story which stated: “Jean-Claude Juncker, the European Commission president, is preparing to ditch contentious plans to fast-track approval of a trade deal with Canada, in an eleventh-hour political retreat that followed staunch criticism from some European capitals.”

This occurs just as the European Commission formally proposed to the Council of the EU the signature and conclusion of a free trade agreement between the EU and Canada.

At a press conference today (Tuesday 5th July) Trade Commissioner Malmstrom claims that the agreement is – legally – single competency. Crucially, she also stated that it is now going to also be ratified by individual Member States:

“The Commission considers this agreement legally as an EU only agreement but we are proposing it as EU mixed… final approval will need ratification in national parliaments.”

However she added, live at the event: “If Member State ministers can sign it, and it is passed by European Parliament, it enters into force provisionally. And the court on Singapore  will give us guidance.”

This latter point is in reference to the European Court of Justice’s deliberations on the Singapore Agreement: in other words, pending this court decision, the process may revert to single competency, i.e. an EU only decision.

Another concern for campaigners is provisional approval. In a press statement today, the Commission maintains:

“after receiving the green light from the Council and the consent of the European Parliament it will be possible to provisionally apply the agreement…” while it also pushes for a quick signing: “the Commission makes its contribution for the deal to be signed during the next EU-Canada Summit, in October.”

However there is no guarantee as to how long the process of gaining approval in 27/28 Member States may take.

As we reported on 30th June, there has been much opposition to this fast track plan: many national governments, opposition parties, and civil society organisations within member states of the EU are furious that CETA would not go through the process of national parliament approval.

250 MEPs signed this latter opposing the Commission’s plans. It also reiterates “the position taken by a majority of national parliamentary chambers in the EU in 2014 that CETA should be of a mixed EU and Member States competence. The letter also asks the Commission and the Council to desist from provisional application of all parts of CETA for which there could be any doubt regarding the legal status.”

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About Oliver Moore (120 Articles)
Graduated with his PhD in November 2007 having studied the sociology of buying and selling of organic fresh fruits and vegetables at farmers' markets in Ireland. Is published in academic journals and books, including the International Journal of Consumer Studies and the book Belongings (from the sociological chronicles series). Communications Manager and EU Correspondent with ARC2020.eu, a platform of 150+ NGOs campaigning for better food, farming, environment and rural policies in Europe.

A weekly columnist and contributor with Irish Examiner, columnist with Food and Wine magazine, contributor to lots of other publications, including the Irish Times. Regular contributor to on RTE Radio 1. On line, along with too many he's a contributor to websites like Glenisk's. He's also occasionally heard on radio talking about articles that have just appeared, or about farming/food/organics in UCC, where he give classes on organics, Fair Trade, CSAs and other agri-food related areas.
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