“Toward pesticidovigilance” Slams Lack of Global Pesticide Regulation

“(T)he effects of dosing whole landscapes with chemicals have been largely ignored by regulatory systems. This can and should be changed.”

photo “Spray” by Will Fuller (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)

That’s according to a damning new article in the prestigious journal Science, published today and written by  Alice M. Milner and Ian L. Boyd. Boyd is the chief scientific adviser to the UK government at the Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, while Milner is also seconded at the Department. Neither were writing on behalf of the Department in this article.

Emphasising the under-considered area of long term broad environmental effects, the pair also pointed out that “without knowledge of safe environmental limits, the total pesticides used—and therefore the total environmental dose—is governed by market demand rather than by a limit on what the environment can endure”.

These two quotes point to the core of their concerns – the lack of “effective global governance of pesticides and their use”, which is large scale, long term, and causes causes verifiable harm to the living world.

So  while standard toxicity tests are carried out on individual pesticides this is of “limited use” when considering wide, “diffuse environmental effects that arise from ecosystem connectivity at a landscape scale”.

They are worried about the lack of organisation and consistency in how pesticides are controlled and managed globally.

Both the OECD Agricultural Pesticide Programme and the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) International Code of Conduct on Pesticide Management are cited as attempts at harmonisation of standards, but neither are binding. Moreover, “developing countries often lack the expertise to assess this evidence and have lower standards of implementation and enforcement”.

Instead, they cite procedures in pharmaceuticals as a superior model for substance management which could be replicated by pesticide regulators.

“Pesticidovigilance” they suggest should learn from “pharmacovigilance”— which “involves the collection, detection, assessment, monitoring, and prevention of adverse effects of pharmaceutical products” and involves a four stage process which “continues throughout the lifetime of each product, building a well-developed safety database for that product.”

Pesticides are nevertheless “an important component of intensive agriculture and, therefore, of global food production”. And while it is the case that “when used at industrial scales, pesticides can harm the environment”, there is, nevertheless, “a trade-off between this effect and the need to produce food”.

“Agricultural systems need time to adapt, and regulation can help to make the use of a pesticide more proportionate to the trade-off between costs and benefits” they add.

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About Oliver Moore (133 Articles)
Graduated with his PhD in November 2007 having studied the sociology of buying and selling of organic fresh fruits and vegetables at farmers' markets in Ireland. Is published in academic journals and books, including the International Journal of Consumer Studies and the book Belongings (from the sociological chronicles series). 

A weekly columnist and contributor with Irish Examiner, columnist with Food and Wine magazine, contributor to lots of other publications, including the Irish Times. Regular contributor to on RTE Radio 1. On line, along with too many he's a contributor to websites like Glenisk's. He's also occasionally heard on radio talking about articles that have just appeared, or about farming/food/organics in UCC, where he give classes on organics, Fair Trade, CSAs and other agri-food related areas.

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