Schrödinger’s Cat and the State of the Irish Organic Farming Scheme

What does quantum superposition have to do with the Irish Department of Agriculture’s attitude to the Organic Farming Scheme (OFS)?

By Dhatfield – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0

Quantum superposition refers to the state of being both dead and alive at the same time. The idea comes, primarily, from the Schrödinger’s Cat thought experiment.

Schrödinger’s cat is both dead and alive at the same time. It shares a box with some poison in a glass container, a radioactive source and an automated hammer. The hammer will shatter the glass, releasing the poison, if radioactive materials are detected in said box. In quantum terms the cat, at a certain point, is both dead and alive. However, were you to don protective clothing and have a sneak peek, you’d see a cat either dead or alive. Not a cat both dead and alive.

This begs the question – when does one state end and the next begin? When does reality collapse into one possibility or the other?

Well, the Department of Agriculture in Ireland seem to be in a quantum conundrum. It seems to both have and not have extra funds in the rural development plan for the OFS. It also seems to both want and not want growth in the organic sector.

According to a statement received by this author some weeks ago from the Department: “At this point in time all available funds allocated have been committed and all targets set in the RDP have been met. Including those in the ‘old’ Organic Farming Scheme, we now have some 1,740 organic farmers in the system. This is a major step forward.”

So, to continue with our  Schrödinger’s cat analogy, the cat was alive but now it’s dead.

 Upon further investigation, this statement may well be the truth, but it’s not necessarily the whole truth and nothing but the truth.

The whole truth is that monies can be reallocated within the RDP, and there has been an under spend in the RDP every year since at least 2010. The under spend in 2016 was over E100 million; it has been over E20 million every year since 2010.

Maybe the cat is alive?

The future will be different, the Department claims: “We fully anticipate that based on current up-take and projections, the entire budget allocation of some €4 billion for the Rural Development Programme will be spent and that the entire €2.19 billion of EU co-funding will be drawn down. It is expected that the majority of funds will be spent by the end of 2020, although there will be some carry-over into 2021. There will be no underspend under the RDP and the €4 billion of EU/exchequer funds provided for will be spent over the lifetime of the programme.”

Notwithstanding the apt quantum confusion of both spending everything and keeping a bit for later, the cat seems dead again.

When specifically asked about reallocation of available funds, the Department said: “while there is provision to amend the RDP to reallocate funds, we have not made any such requests to date and have no such plans at this time.”

So it could take money from elsewhere and apply it to the organic farming scheme, but it chooses not to.

So the cat could have been kept alive, but no, it must stay dead.

Ostensibly, there is also a Departmental target for 5% utilisable land area (ULA) farmed organically. Indeed, this target (of 220,000 hectares, up from 55,000 ha) was a justification for increasing the payment per hectare for organic farmers when the scheme was last announced. (See the Department’s 2017 RDP Evaluation pg 134 opens .pdf).

There’s hope for that cat yet!

But wait. How can organic ULA grow from the current 2% to 5% when farmers cannot even join the scheme?

The cat? Muerto.

Somehow, and despite this growth target, the arrival of 942 applications in April 2015 meant the scheme has been closed to entrants since.

Might be time to cancel the cat food.

Leia (one of the author’s cats) alive but looking suspiciously sleepy. Photo (c) Oliver Moore

A version of this article also appeared in the Irish Examiner’s farming supplement

Oliver Moore
About Oliver Moore 185 Articles
DR. Oliver Moore is the communications director and editor-in-chief with ARC2020. He has a PhD in the sociology of farming and food, where he specialised in organics and direct sales. He is published in the International Journal of Consumer Studies, International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology and the Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development. A weekly columnist and contributor with Irish Examiner, he is a regular on Countrywide (Irish farm radio show on the national broadcaster RTE 1) and engages in other communications work around agri-food and rural issues, such as with the soil, permaculture, climate change adaptation and citizen science initiative Grow Observatory . He lectures part time in the Centre for Co-operative Studies UCC                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Oliver voyage beaucoup moins qu’auparavant, pour ce qui concerne son activité professionnelle. Il peut néanmoins admirer par la fenêtre de son bureau les mésanges charbonnières et les corbeaux perchés au sommet du saule dans le jardin de sa maison au cœur de l’écovillage de Cloughjordan, en Irlande. L’écovillage est un site de 67 acres dans le nord du Tipperary. Il comprend d’espaces boisés, des paysages comestibles, des lieux de vie, d’habitation et de travail, ainsi qu’une ferme appartenant à la communauté. Les jours où il travaille dans le bureau du centre d’entreprise communautaire, il profite d’une vue sur les chevaux, les panneaux solaires, les toilettes sèches et les jardins familiaux.  Ce bureau au sein de l’écovillage constitue en effet un tiers-lieu de travail accueillant également des collaborateurs des associations Cultivate et Ecolise, ainsi qu’un laboratoire de fabrication (« fab lab »).  Oliver est membre du conseil d’administration de la ferme communautaire (pour la seconde fois !) et donne également des cours sur le Master en coopératives, agroalimentaire et développement durable à l’University College Cork. Il a une formation en sociologie rurale : son doctorat et les articles qu’il publie dans des journaux scientifiques portent sur ce domaine au sens large. Il consacre la majorité de son temps de travail à l’ARC 2020. Il collabore avec ARC depuis 2013, date à laquelle l’Irlande a assuré la présidence de l’UE pendant six mois. C’est là qu’il a pu constater l’importance de la politique agroalimentaire et rurale grâce à sa chronique hebdomadaire sur le site d’ARC. Après six mois, il est nommé rédacteur en chef et responsable de la communication, poste qu’il occupe toujours aujourd’hui. Oliver supervise le contenu du site web et des médias sociaux, aide à définir l’orientation de l’organisation et parfois même rédige un article pour le site web.  À l’époque où on voyageait davantage, il a eu la chance de passer du temps sous les tropiques, où il a aidé des ONG irlandaises de commerce équitable – au Ghana, au Kenya, au Mali, en Inde et au Salvador – à raconter leur histoire.  Il se peut que ces jours-là reviennent. Pour son compte Oliver continuera de préférer naviguer en Europe par bateau, puis en train. Après tout, la France n’est qu’à une nuit de navigation. En attendant, il y a toujours de nombreuses possibilités de bénévolat dans la communauté dans les campagnes du centre de l’Irlande.