Weak Draft TTIP Resolution Adopted

photo: Campact via flickr.com (CC BY-NC 2.0)
photo: Campact via flickr.com (CC BY-NC 2.0)

 (updated 28/05/2015, 30/05/2015 and  01/06/2015)

The European Parliament’s trade committee today adopted a weak resolution on the parliament’s position on TTIP, the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership. This disappointing resolution was adopted by what sources describe as a “grand coalition” of centre, centre right and centre left groupings. It  failed to include any criticism of the controversial ISDS investor protection mechanism.

According to Friends of the Earth Europe, the draft resolution, which is to be debated in plenary on 10 June “is the unique opportunity for the European Parliament to give its opinion on the on-going trade talks between the EU and the US.”

Friends of the Earth Europe however “condemned the outcome of the vote as a weak resolution failing to draw clear red lines on some of the biggest dangers of the proposed trade deal”.

Because of today’s adoption, the resolution itself will be only include very  weak language, language which in no significant way reflects the depth of citizen concern and anger at TTIP and, especially, ISDS – Investor-State Dispute Settlement  – the clause  for Member States to be sued by Corporations for lost profit potential.

While the specific language of ISDS has been adjusted to the language of an International Public Court, in essence no substantive changes have been made.

What was adopted instead will “build on the concept paper recently presented by Commissioner Malmström to INTA Committee on May 7; ” and take “into account the EU’s and the US’ developed legal systems…trust  the courts of the EU and of the Member States and of the United States to provide effective legal protection”.

However no mechanism for providing this protection in an ISDS context is suggested or offered.

Transport and Environment, which represents around 50 organisations across Europe, mostly environmental groups and campaigners, said “The European Parliament’s trade committee today decided that Europe’s national courts cannot be trusted with safeguarding the rights of international investors when it called for private arbitration to be retained in the EU-US trade deal. MEPs voted for the controversial Investor-State Dispute Settlement clause (ISDS) – though repackaged under a different name for the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP).”

Transport & Environment is a a member of the Commission’s Advisory Group on TTIP. In a statement  it said “that by backing ISDS the trade committee displays a lack of trust in European judicial systems, socialises private risks, and  deters future EU laws to protect citizens and the environment. The vote marks a U-turn by MEPs after the Parliament’s environment committee said no to ISDS because of its chilling effect on regulation and that national courts would continue to vindicate the rights of international investors.”

Cécile Toubeau, sustainable trade officer at T&E, added: “In the clash between lobbyists and the public interest, INTA MEPs side with the former by backing this deeply flawed private arbitration system. Not only do they not trust our courts, they are also willing to have Europeans pay for the private risks of big business, and tie the hands of future EU lawmakers by providing a implicit deterrent to public-interest regulation.”

Inside the Parliament

Parliamentary sources have described this as a capitulation by the Socialist grouping, and an 80% victory for the right wing EPP – European People’s Party.

After the vote, Greens/EFA trade spokesperson Yannick Jadot said:

“Instead of using the resolution to help give voice to this concern, Socialist MEPs have rowed in behind the centre-right and ensured a tame and sanitised outcome, notably on the controversial issue of an ISDS investor to state dispute settlement mechanism. This resolution remains a proposal from the trade committee however and we hope Socialist MEPs will rediscover their critical outlook when parliament votes as a whole in its June plenary session.”

The names of the Socialist (S&D) MEPs voting in favour will be known by tomorrow (All names now listed below)

This vote is the result of trading between the EPP – European People’s Party and the S&D’s, according to sources. These sources also suggest that the EPP has “bought this compromise on ISDS from S&D in exchange for retiring its threat to challenge other Compromises and Amendments, specifically CAM 38 on making ILO labour norms “binding and enforceable”. “

Moreover, this represents a departure from the S&D position held as recently as March. In their position paper from March, they said “The S&D Group opposes the inclusion of ISDS in Trade Agreements in which other options to enforce investment protection are available, whether domestic or international. In agreements with countries that have fully functioning legal systems and in which no risks of political interference in the judiciary or denial of justice have been identified, ISDS is not necessary.”

The language above in the S&D position paper is strikingly similar to the language actually suggested by the Greens, left wing GNU and euroskeptic EFDD groups. These groups had requested language that gave investors from outside the EU “no greater substantive and procedural rights than domestic investors.” They also suggested the resolution include the following: “oppose the inclusion of ISDS in TTIP, as other options to enforce investment protection are available, such as  domestic remedies”…”the given level of investment protection in the EU and the US is fully sufficient to guarantee legal security.”

Jadot added “There is a growing public outcry against enabling corporations to use extra-juridical tribunals to challenge state authorities and democratically-decided legislation. This was reflected in the votes of a number of other parliamentary committees, which adopted opinions on TTIP that included outright rejection of ISDS”

This is a reference to the fact that the European Parliament committees on employment, environment, legal affairs, constitutional affairs and petitions all adopted opinion reports which called for the rejection of ISDS.

The June plenary  – a full vote in the European Parliament  – is a main upcoming focus of campaigners who oppose TTIP.

According to Natacha Cingotti of Friends of the Earth Europe “We call on the plenary of the European Parliament to oppose this Trojan horse treaty by rejecting the resolution. MEPs should stand with European citizens, not with the corporate-led agenda of the transatlantic negotiations that are a threat to our societies and our environment”.

Here’s what each political grouping suggested for this resolution (opens .doc) 150528 ISDS CAMs final

How did your representative vote? (opens .pdf) Roll call votes 28-05-15

Recommendations to the European Commission on the negotiations for the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) 

Voted for:  28

ALDE Dita Charanzová, Marietje Schaake, Cecilia Wikström, Marielle de Sarnez

ECR Sander Loones, Emma McClarkin, Evžen Tošenovský

PPE Daniel Caspary, Christofer Fjellner, Seán Kelly, Gabriel Mato, Artis Pabriks, Franck Proust, Godelieve Quisthoudt-Rowohl, Tokia Saïfi, Adam Szejnfeld, Adina-Ioana Vălean, Jarosław Wałęsa, Iuliu Winkler

S&D  Goffredo Maria Bettini, Theresa Griffin, Jude Kirton-Darling, Bernd Lange, Jörg Leichtfried, David Martin, Alessia Maria Mosca, Inmaculada Rodríguez-Piñero Fernández, Joachim Schuster

Voted against: 13

ECR  Joachim Starbatty

EFDD  Tiziana Beghin, David Borrelli, William (The Earl of) Dartmouth

GUE/NGL  Eleonora Forenza, Anne-Marie Mineur, Helmut Scholz

NI  Georgios Epitideios, Franz Obermayr, Matteo Salvini

S&D  Emmanuel Maurel

VERTS/ALE Yannick Jadot, Ska Keller



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About Oliver Moore 215 Articles

Dr. Oliver Moore is the communications director and editor-in-chief with ARC2020. He has a PhD in the sociology of farming and food, where he specialised in organics and direct sales. He is published in the International Journal of Consumer Studies, International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology and the Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development. A weekly columnist and contributor with Irish Examiner, he is a regular on Countrywide (Irish farm radio show on the national broadcaster RTE 1) and engages in other communications work around agri-food and rural issues, such as with the soil, permaculture, climate change adaptation and citizen science initiative Grow Observatory . He lectures part time in the Centre for Co-operative Studies UCC.

A propos d'Oliver Moore
Oliver voyage beaucoup moins qu’auparavant, pour ce qui concerne son activité professionnelle. Il peut néanmoins admirer par la fenêtre de son bureau les mésanges charbonnières et les corbeaux perchés au sommet du saule dans le jardin de sa maison au cœur de l’écovillage de Cloughjordan, en Irlande. L’écovillage est un site de 67 acres dans le nord du Tipperary. Il comprend d’espaces boisés, des paysages comestibles, des lieux de vie, d’habitation et de travail, ainsi qu’une ferme appartenant à la communauté. Les jours où il travaille dans le bureau du centre d’entreprise communautaire, il profite d’une vue sur les chevaux, les panneaux solaires, les toilettes sèches et les jardins familiaux. 

Ce bureau au sein de l’écovillage constitue en effet un tiers-lieu de travail accueillant également des collaborateurs des associations Cultivate et Ecolise, ainsi qu’un laboratoire de fabrication (« fab lab »). 

Oliver est membre du conseil d’administration de la ferme communautaire (pour la seconde fois !) et donne également des cours sur le Master en coopératives, agroalimentaire et développement durable à l’University College Cork. Il a une formation en sociologie rurale : son doctorat et les articles qu’il publie dans des journaux scientifiques portent sur ce domaine au sens large.

Il consacre la majorité de son temps de travail à l’ARC 2020. Il collabore avec ARC depuis 2013, date à laquelle l’Irlande a assuré la présidence de l’UE pendant six mois. C’est là qu’il a pu constater l’importance de la politique agroalimentaire et rurale grâce à sa chronique hebdomadaire sur le site d’ARC. Après six mois, il est nommé rédacteur en chef et responsable de la communication, poste qu’il occupe toujours aujourd’hui. Oliver supervise le contenu du site web et des médias sociaux, aide à définir l’orientation de l’organisation et parfois même rédige un article pour le site web. 

À l’époque où on voyageait davantage, il a eu la chance de passer du temps sous les tropiques, où il a aidé des ONG irlandaises de commerce équitable – au Ghana, au Kenya, au Mali, en Inde et au Salvador – à raconter leur histoire.

Il se peut que ces jours-là reviennent. Pour son compte Oliver continuera de préférer naviguer en Europe par bateau, puis en train. Après tout, la France n’est qu’à une nuit de navigation. En attendant, il y a toujours de nombreuses possibilités de bénévolat dans la communauté dans les campagnes du centre de l’Irlande.