CAP reform: who lobbies on what, and why…

In light of this week’s MEP vote on the CAP, it’s worth having a closer look at who lobbies on what, and why they do it. 

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Even the most minimal of environmental or worker rights legislation can be far too costly to implement, and can involve huge economic losses, industry funded reports helpfully tell us.

Plenty of money is available however, for pet PR projects and lobbying. Tobacco giant Philip Morris became notorious for spending $2 million supporting a domestic abuse shelter, but $108 million on a TV advertising campaign promoting the fact that they did this. (Direct tobacco adverts were, and are still, banned, so this was a great way to get exposure for the brand).

More recently, companies like Syngenta and Bayer have devoted handsome wads of cash to lobbying on the Common Agriculture Policy (CAP).

They are not alone. According to Corporate Europe Observatory CEO, who provide this table to list interests active on the CAP:

151 organisations representing agribusiness-related interests have declared a total of €49.2 million euro in lobbying expenditure while 40 organisations representing family farms, workers, consumers and environmental interests have declared some €12 million, producing a ratio of slightly over 4:1”.

The number of citizens represented by the 40 organisations is massive, yet their money spend is minimal.

CEO add:

“…research projects that are prioritised and funded today may have a decisive impact on the way agriculture is practised in the future. That is why the ongoing lobbying battle for the control of these funds is so important: behind these projects, it is the very vision for the future of agriculture in Europe which is at stake.”

The dataset itself is considered incomplete and a guesstimate for various listed reasons. And in any case, “The registered amounts do not necessarily represent the real expenditure on CAP lobbying because many of these are also active on other policy dossiers,” CEO state.

According to CEO, Syngenta are listed as spending 650,000 euros on lobbying. Bayer seem more dedicated however, with a whopping 2,525,000 euros outlaid.

There are subtle ways that the aforementioned “policy dossiers” can be filled. Much of the reporting on (RTE radio) and visual footage of the recent Syngenta-funded Forum on the Future of Agriculture featured or mentioned aesthetically pleasing flowering pollinator field margins, some of which which had been re-located to the front of house at the conference.

The damage caused by Syngenta’s own neonicotinoid insecticides to pollinators didn’t get the same sort of profile for some reason.

The old adige that ‘corporations would hardly spend the money if it didn’t work’ seems succinctly apt, and worth exploring further.

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About Oliver Moore 216 Articles

Dr. Oliver Moore is the communications director and editor-in-chief with ARC2020. He has a PhD in the sociology of farming and food, where he specialised in organics and direct sales. He is published in the International Journal of Consumer Studies, International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology and the Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development. A weekly columnist and contributor with Irish Examiner, he is a regular on Countrywide (Irish farm radio show on the national broadcaster RTE 1) and engages in other communications work around agri-food and rural issues, such as with the soil, permaculture, climate change adaptation and citizen science initiative Grow Observatory . He lectures part time in the Centre for Co-operative Studies UCC.

A propos d'Oliver Moore
Oliver voyage beaucoup moins qu’auparavant, pour ce qui concerne son activité professionnelle. Il peut néanmoins admirer par la fenêtre de son bureau les mésanges charbonnières et les corbeaux perchés au sommet du saule dans le jardin de sa maison au cœur de l’écovillage de Cloughjordan, en Irlande. L’écovillage est un site de 67 acres dans le nord du Tipperary. Il comprend d’espaces boisés, des paysages comestibles, des lieux de vie, d’habitation et de travail, ainsi qu’une ferme appartenant à la communauté. Les jours où il travaille dans le bureau du centre d’entreprise communautaire, il profite d’une vue sur les chevaux, les panneaux solaires, les toilettes sèches et les jardins familiaux. 

Ce bureau au sein de l’écovillage constitue en effet un tiers-lieu de travail accueillant également des collaborateurs des associations Cultivate et Ecolise, ainsi qu’un laboratoire de fabrication (« fab lab »). 

Oliver est membre du conseil d’administration de la ferme communautaire (pour la seconde fois !) et donne également des cours sur le Master en coopératives, agroalimentaire et développement durable à l’University College Cork. Il a une formation en sociologie rurale : son doctorat et les articles qu’il publie dans des journaux scientifiques portent sur ce domaine au sens large.

Il consacre la majorité de son temps de travail à l’ARC 2020. Il collabore avec ARC depuis 2013, date à laquelle l’Irlande a assuré la présidence de l’UE pendant six mois. C’est là qu’il a pu constater l’importance de la politique agroalimentaire et rurale grâce à sa chronique hebdomadaire sur le site d’ARC. Après six mois, il est nommé rédacteur en chef et responsable de la communication, poste qu’il occupe toujours aujourd’hui. Oliver supervise le contenu du site web et des médias sociaux, aide à définir l’orientation de l’organisation et parfois même rédige un article pour le site web. 

À l’époque où on voyageait davantage, il a eu la chance de passer du temps sous les tropiques, où il a aidé des ONG irlandaises de commerce équitable – au Ghana, au Kenya, au Mali, en Inde et au Salvador – à raconter leur histoire.

Il se peut que ces jours-là reviennent. Pour son compte Oliver continuera de préférer naviguer en Europe par bateau, puis en train. Après tout, la France n’est qu’à une nuit de navigation. En attendant, il y a toujours de nombreuses possibilités de bénévolat dans la communauté dans les campagnes du centre de l’Irlande.