European Organic Congress case profile: Terre de Liens

The 8th European Organic Congress, to be held 10-12th September in Bari, Italy, will bring together a range of topical speakers and stakeholders, all of whom are involved in the devleopment of the organic sector. The event’s opening plenary features a topic close to our hearts here at Arc2020: “Towards ecological and innovative solutions under a new CAP”. In general, agroecology, innovation and making the EIP work for agroecological farming techniques are the main elements of this event. Our own Samuel Feret will be a panelist.

Arc2020 are proud to be co-organisers of this event, and have worked with others involved – such as TP Organics and IFOAM EU in developing EIP dossiers in English, French and Polish.

Founder and board member of Terre de liens  Sjoerd Wartena will be speaking at the European Organic Congress in September on the topic of “Land managment, organic agriculture and their role in the reversement of the global decline in small holder farming”

“We started, not to discuss and criticise, but to do things and to start in 2003 an association with the objective to create a solidarity investment company”.

So says Terre De Liens founder Sjoerd Wartena, in an interview with Veronique Riofol for the Agrarian Trust Our Land symposium on Land Access on April 2014.

As of 2014, the French organisation holds €48 million worth of land. Its mission is to support new entrants into organic agriculture.

As well as the solidarity investment company, la Foncière, it now also has an endowment trust, le Fonds, to collect investment funds and donations. It also provides educational tools to inform the public and raise awareness about land access and agriculture.

In total, the organisation owns over 2400 hectares of farmland, supports over 200 farmers and has 8000 shareholders.

Terre de Liens directly acquires farmland, which it holds in perpetuity for current and future generations. Terre de Liens’ land is let to farmers, the majority of whom are organic and small scale.

By 2011, Terre de Liens owned 71 farm estates, on 1900 hectares, where 220 adults lived and worked. Now they have over 100 farms.

“The main challenge was to show that people are ready to invest with no other ROI – Return on Investment – than better food, landscape, biodiversity, environment, meaningful jobs” Sjoerd Wartena said in an interview with the Centre for New Economics earlier this year.The simple idea of Terre de Liens was to upscale what parents often do for their children – give them a loan to get started with some land.

Their national association has 19 regional associations. It brings together partner organisations such as organic supermarket cooperative chain Biocoop; French organic farmers organisation (FNAB) and the Christian rural youth movement (MRJC).

Sjoerd Wartena and Veronique Riofol

Moreover, an unlikely group of supporters have made an alliance through Terre de Liens. What he describes as “leftwing people, biodynamic and organic movements, militant environmentalists, wealthy shareholders looking for a nice subject and some tax advantages” have all come together to, in the end, help small scale farmers interested in organics get land to farm on.

This has been described as a new sort of civic governance of rural spaces by academics and others who study this area. It is indeed a new way to “govern” areas. In this case, a wide group of people who have some but by no means all things in common, have come together and are doing the kind of thing governments are supposed to do. They are managing spaces with public goods in mind, as well as providing real opportunities for young people to farm.

Arc2020’s French based co-ordinator Samuel Ferret points out that Terre de Liens also engages with, indeed stems from, local communities. “Whether to preserve a water catchment basin, limit urban sprawl, protect biodiversity, maintain rural vitality, or relocate food systems, a local community may decide to protect agricultural areas and to promote organic farming for various reasons.”

He states some of the organisation’s other work areas: “encouraging the emergence of agricultural projects in a territory including awareness and training of elected officials; conducting land diagnostics and identification of land available for new farmers; advising local communities in their land management efforts; searching for and selecting new farmer candidates; establishing environmental tenancies and operational tools for the farmland purchasing.”

To what he described as “general astonishment”, and despite the recession, Sjoerd Wartena found that “people were ready to do a solidarity-based investment”.

As Terre De Liens grows, more land ends up in trust rather than private ownership. And communities get to exert strategic control over resources and even areas. These, perhaps, are the most radical elements of the entire project. This is land managed in commons for the good of both people and the environment.

This may sound Utopian, but it’s actually happening, right now, all across France. The question is: could it happen elsewhere too?

To attend the 8th European Organic Congress, you can register here.

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About Oliver Moore 216 Articles

Dr. Oliver Moore is the communications director and editor-in-chief with ARC2020. He has a PhD in the sociology of farming and food, where he specialised in organics and direct sales. He is published in the International Journal of Consumer Studies, International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology and the Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development. A weekly columnist and contributor with Irish Examiner, he is a regular on Countrywide (Irish farm radio show on the national broadcaster RTE 1) and engages in other communications work around agri-food and rural issues, such as with the soil, permaculture, climate change adaptation and citizen science initiative Grow Observatory . He lectures part time in the Centre for Co-operative Studies UCC.

A propos d'Oliver Moore
Oliver voyage beaucoup moins qu’auparavant, pour ce qui concerne son activité professionnelle. Il peut néanmoins admirer par la fenêtre de son bureau les mésanges charbonnières et les corbeaux perchés au sommet du saule dans le jardin de sa maison au cœur de l’écovillage de Cloughjordan, en Irlande. L’écovillage est un site de 67 acres dans le nord du Tipperary. Il comprend d’espaces boisés, des paysages comestibles, des lieux de vie, d’habitation et de travail, ainsi qu’une ferme appartenant à la communauté. Les jours où il travaille dans le bureau du centre d’entreprise communautaire, il profite d’une vue sur les chevaux, les panneaux solaires, les toilettes sèches et les jardins familiaux. 

Ce bureau au sein de l’écovillage constitue en effet un tiers-lieu de travail accueillant également des collaborateurs des associations Cultivate et Ecolise, ainsi qu’un laboratoire de fabrication (« fab lab »). 

Oliver est membre du conseil d’administration de la ferme communautaire (pour la seconde fois !) et donne également des cours sur le Master en coopératives, agroalimentaire et développement durable à l’University College Cork. Il a une formation en sociologie rurale : son doctorat et les articles qu’il publie dans des journaux scientifiques portent sur ce domaine au sens large.

Il consacre la majorité de son temps de travail à l’ARC 2020. Il collabore avec ARC depuis 2013, date à laquelle l’Irlande a assuré la présidence de l’UE pendant six mois. C’est là qu’il a pu constater l’importance de la politique agroalimentaire et rurale grâce à sa chronique hebdomadaire sur le site d’ARC. Après six mois, il est nommé rédacteur en chef et responsable de la communication, poste qu’il occupe toujours aujourd’hui. Oliver supervise le contenu du site web et des médias sociaux, aide à définir l’orientation de l’organisation et parfois même rédige un article pour le site web. 

À l’époque où on voyageait davantage, il a eu la chance de passer du temps sous les tropiques, où il a aidé des ONG irlandaises de commerce équitable – au Ghana, au Kenya, au Mali, en Inde et au Salvador – à raconter leur histoire.

Il se peut que ces jours-là reviennent. Pour son compte Oliver continuera de préférer naviguer en Europe par bateau, puis en train. Après tout, la France n’est qu’à une nuit de navigation. En attendant, il y a toujours de nombreuses possibilités de bénévolat dans la communauté dans les campagnes du centre de l’Irlande.