Irish Farm lobby leaves small farmers behind

As that other Trioka – the Parliament, Commission and Council of Ministers – edge closer to finalising a new CAP, it is becoming clearer and clearer than citizens and the environment are not being represented properly. The original Ciolos vision for a greener CAP now seems an eon ago. Little did citizens realise that this Commission position was a starting point, from which ever more watering down would occur.

Photo credit: Dr Oliver Moore

Many civil society groups support the overall Commission position, but the Parliament and in particular the Council of Ministers have adopted positions far closer to business-as-usual.

The Irish Farmers’ Association (IFA), is the organisation, which, by a significant distance, represents the majority of farmers in Ireland. They are members of Copa/Copa-Cogeca and have also been highly critical of the Commission position.

Vice President of Copa and IFA President John Bryan said, following the conclusion of discussions at the EU Farm Council in Brussels, said “Commissioner Cioloş is becoming more and more isolated in defending his flawed proposals, including flat payments, and it is time for him to respect the views of the Farm Council.” It continued that Commissioner Cioloş must now accept the “democratic decision reached by Europe’s Agriculture Ministers”, and change his position to reflect the reality of the outcome from the Farm Council. “As President of the Council, Minister Coveney must make it clear to Commissioner Cioloş that his proposals will not get through, and must be changed to reflect the flexibilities negotiated in the Council.”

These statements present a highly partisan view of the debate. Cioloş’ position is not as far from the Parliament position as it is from the Agriculture Ministers’ position. It is also the case that, inevitably, Agriculture Ministers mostly support maintaining their own budgets at as high a level as possible, and keeping their own farm lobbies happy. They have less focus on what is outside their brief – which is most citizens and the environment.

Front loading flat payments is supported even by usual Irish allies France, so it is very unlikely that this will not happen. And in any case, as the Irish Independent’s farming supplement pointed out on its front page recently, most farmers would actually benefit from Commissioner Cioloş’ proposals, which aim “to bring all payments to the national average of €260/ha (which) would redistribute over €370m of Ireland’s total SFP fund, with 55,000 farmers on higher entitlements losing up to 40pc of their payments, while 75,000 farmers would stand to gain.

Farmers’ likely to loose out financially in Ireland are in dairy, tillage and beef finishing, while farmers in sheep and at the various pre-finishing stages of cattle – farmers primarily in the socio-economically and agronomically disadvantaged parts of Ireland – would gain.

Dairy farmers already have considerably higher earnings than any other farming sector, and when de-coupling comes into play in 2015, they are likely to consolidate further and increase scale, productivity and profits by even more again.

While the IFA also argue for better Pillar II supports, which would benefit farmers in poorer regions, its clear that their primary focus is on what they term “active” and “productive” farmers – who happen to be a minority, and also the better off.

Oliver Moore
About Oliver Moore 189 Articles
DR. Oliver Moore is the communications director and editor-in-chief with ARC2020. He has a PhD in the sociology of farming and food, where he specialised in organics and direct sales. He is published in the International Journal of Consumer Studies, International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology and the Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development. A weekly columnist and contributor with Irish Examiner, he is a regular on Countrywide (Irish farm radio show on the national broadcaster RTE 1) and engages in other communications work around agri-food and rural issues, such as with the soil, permaculture, climate change adaptation and citizen science initiative Grow Observatory . He lectures part time in the Centre for Co-operative Studies UCC                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Oliver voyage beaucoup moins qu’auparavant, pour ce qui concerne son activité professionnelle. Il peut néanmoins admirer par la fenêtre de son bureau les mésanges charbonnières et les corbeaux perchés au sommet du saule dans le jardin de sa maison au cœur de l’écovillage de Cloughjordan, en Irlande. L’écovillage est un site de 67 acres dans le nord du Tipperary. Il comprend d’espaces boisés, des paysages comestibles, des lieux de vie, d’habitation et de travail, ainsi qu’une ferme appartenant à la communauté. Les jours où il travaille dans le bureau du centre d’entreprise communautaire, il profite d’une vue sur les chevaux, les panneaux solaires, les toilettes sèches et les jardins familiaux.  Ce bureau au sein de l’écovillage constitue en effet un tiers-lieu de travail accueillant également des collaborateurs des associations Cultivate et Ecolise, ainsi qu’un laboratoire de fabrication (« fab lab »).  Oliver est membre du conseil d’administration de la ferme communautaire (pour la seconde fois !) et donne également des cours sur le Master en coopératives, agroalimentaire et développement durable à l’University College Cork. Il a une formation en sociologie rurale : son doctorat et les articles qu’il publie dans des journaux scientifiques portent sur ce domaine au sens large. Il consacre la majorité de son temps de travail à l’ARC 2020. Il collabore avec ARC depuis 2013, date à laquelle l’Irlande a assuré la présidence de l’UE pendant six mois. C’est là qu’il a pu constater l’importance de la politique agroalimentaire et rurale grâce à sa chronique hebdomadaire sur le site d’ARC. Après six mois, il est nommé rédacteur en chef et responsable de la communication, poste qu’il occupe toujours aujourd’hui. Oliver supervise le contenu du site web et des médias sociaux, aide à définir l’orientation de l’organisation et parfois même rédige un article pour le site web.  À l’époque où on voyageait davantage, il a eu la chance de passer du temps sous les tropiques, où il a aidé des ONG irlandaises de commerce équitable – au Ghana, au Kenya, au Mali, en Inde et au Salvador – à raconter leur histoire.  Il se peut que ces jours-là reviennent. Pour son compte Oliver continuera de préférer naviguer en Europe par bateau, puis en train. Après tout, la France n’est qu’à une nuit de navigation. En attendant, il y a toujours de nombreuses possibilités de bénévolat dans la communauté dans les campagnes du centre de l’Irlande.