Agri-Food hit hard by Climate Change: IPCC

The Green Revolution has reached a plateau, and climate change is already effecting food yields and food security. These are some of the most prominent, new warnings which have emerged from the new IPCC (UN) 5th Assessment Report on Climate Change.

“The effects of climate change are already occurring on all continents and across the oceans. The world, in many cases, is ill-prepared for risks from a changing climate” the report states.

A total of 309 coordinating lead authors, lead authors, and review editors, drawn from 70 countries, were selected to produce the report. They enlisted the help of 436 contributing authors, and a total of 1,729 expert and government reviewers

 Such is the gravity of the situation, the 2600 page 32 volume report mentions the word risk 230 times, the Guardian reports from Yokohama. Its reporter added added “this report struck out on relatively new ground by drawing a clear line connecting climate change to food scarcity, and conflict” including food riots.

Wheat yields have begun to decline, as have maize yields, while fish stocks in the tropics may be down by up to 60%.

We at Arc2020 have for some years been pointing out that  there are inevitable limits to agri-industrial growth, so it is significant that now the IPCC’s 5th report emphasises it to such an extent. This is the first time the IPCC have gone this far and made both these linkeages and critiques. The model is broken.

There are numerous indicators of this already. Research points to three key planetary boundaries being crossed in recent years: the nitrogen cycle, climate change and, especially biodiversity loss. In each of these three areas, industrial agriculture has contributed significantly. As an example of just one of these – biodiversity loss – half of all the farmland birds have been lost in Europe since 1980- over 300 million birds.

Recently retired UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food Olivier DeSchutter, in his final report,  clearly points out both problems and solutions, as reported on Arc2020 recently.

And as De Schutter and others have pointed out during his time in office, agroecology in general and agroforestry in particular  offer up significant opportunities to deal with the multi-faceted agri-food issues we face today.

Encouragingly, agroforestry is to be better supported under the CAP.  A weighting factor of 1 has been set for hectares of agroforestry in Ecological Focus Areas – EFAs – as compared to catch crops, green cover or nitrogen fixing crops each of which which have a weighting factor of 0.3. In other words, its more beneficial to establish agroforestry set ups in EFAs than to carry on with business-as-usual.

Organic farming too offers up lots of potential. Conventional farming does not match organics environmental performance in any of the main relevant categories – biodiversity, soil, landscape, ground and surface water, climate/air and energy.

What is needed is significant investment in researching how to maximise sustainable, holistic organic farming yields, for conventional farming to learn lessons from organic farming and radically tighten up its environmental performance. Concurrently, we need to deal with issues of waste, of improved processing and distribution for better foods, and of dietary change towards less reliance on copious amounts of meat and dairy.

Our job here at is to keep you informed of both the problems and solutions as we move into a world where food will, increasingly, become a 21st Century battle ground. If we seize the long moment, agri-food can also be a living better, and both climate change adaptation and mitigation opportunity.


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About Oliver Moore 215 Articles

Dr. Oliver Moore is the communications director and editor-in-chief with ARC2020. He has a PhD in the sociology of farming and food, where he specialised in organics and direct sales. He is published in the International Journal of Consumer Studies, International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology and the Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development. A weekly columnist and contributor with Irish Examiner, he is a regular on Countrywide (Irish farm radio show on the national broadcaster RTE 1) and engages in other communications work around agri-food and rural issues, such as with the soil, permaculture, climate change adaptation and citizen science initiative Grow Observatory . He lectures part time in the Centre for Co-operative Studies UCC.

A propos d'Oliver Moore
Oliver voyage beaucoup moins qu’auparavant, pour ce qui concerne son activité professionnelle. Il peut néanmoins admirer par la fenêtre de son bureau les mésanges charbonnières et les corbeaux perchés au sommet du saule dans le jardin de sa maison au cœur de l’écovillage de Cloughjordan, en Irlande. L’écovillage est un site de 67 acres dans le nord du Tipperary. Il comprend d’espaces boisés, des paysages comestibles, des lieux de vie, d’habitation et de travail, ainsi qu’une ferme appartenant à la communauté. Les jours où il travaille dans le bureau du centre d’entreprise communautaire, il profite d’une vue sur les chevaux, les panneaux solaires, les toilettes sèches et les jardins familiaux. 

Ce bureau au sein de l’écovillage constitue en effet un tiers-lieu de travail accueillant également des collaborateurs des associations Cultivate et Ecolise, ainsi qu’un laboratoire de fabrication (« fab lab »). 

Oliver est membre du conseil d’administration de la ferme communautaire (pour la seconde fois !) et donne également des cours sur le Master en coopératives, agroalimentaire et développement durable à l’University College Cork. Il a une formation en sociologie rurale : son doctorat et les articles qu’il publie dans des journaux scientifiques portent sur ce domaine au sens large.

Il consacre la majorité de son temps de travail à l’ARC 2020. Il collabore avec ARC depuis 2013, date à laquelle l’Irlande a assuré la présidence de l’UE pendant six mois. C’est là qu’il a pu constater l’importance de la politique agroalimentaire et rurale grâce à sa chronique hebdomadaire sur le site d’ARC. Après six mois, il est nommé rédacteur en chef et responsable de la communication, poste qu’il occupe toujours aujourd’hui. Oliver supervise le contenu du site web et des médias sociaux, aide à définir l’orientation de l’organisation et parfois même rédige un article pour le site web. 

À l’époque où on voyageait davantage, il a eu la chance de passer du temps sous les tropiques, où il a aidé des ONG irlandaises de commerce équitable – au Ghana, au Kenya, au Mali, en Inde et au Salvador – à raconter leur histoire.

Il se peut que ces jours-là reviennent. Pour son compte Oliver continuera de préférer naviguer en Europe par bateau, puis en train. Après tout, la France n’est qu’à une nuit de navigation. En attendant, il y a toujours de nombreuses possibilités de bénévolat dans la communauté dans les campagnes du centre de l’Irlande.