4 Key Agri-Food Policy Needs

Photo by Francesco Giardina

When asked about CAP mid term review and general agri-food policy, here’s an abridged version of what Arc2020’s Oliver Moore pointed to at the 8th European Organic Congress, held in Bari, Italy, last week.

1: Let’s not allow the conflation of organic with other supposedly green food initiatives  to the detriment of genuine agri-food sustainability.

Rationale: certified organic can be seen as a gold standard of verifiable, provable environmentally sound farming and food. Its inputs, process and practices have all been tried and tested over the years. There is a risk that, by using vague, generic or weak conditions, something that could be called agroecological, or green, or sustainable, or some other category, could take the place of organic in initiatives such as green public procurement. In Ireland, for example, Bord Bia Quality Assured may in the end be supposedly good enough to fulfil the criteria of green public procurement.

It is possible to do agroecology in a strong way, in a way that is even more socio-environmentally sustainable than certified organic can sometimes be: a ‘strong agroecology’ narrative can helps transform food and farming systems, by exploring and implementing new practices, new frameworks and new pathways, in all aspects of the food system. In reality when it comes to initiatives like green public procurement, the state will opt for the path of least resistance, as we have seen time and time again. So let’s encourage the ring fencing of a specific % of certified organic within initiatives like green public procurement.

2: The sufficiency paradigm must be mainstreamed.

Rationale: Resources are finite and are at or exceeding their limits in many cases – nitrogen cycle, biodiversity loss, climate change and more

 serious issues all attest to this. Meanwhile there are real societal needs related from equity to gender to waste. Unbridled growth is no longer an option.

The sufficiency paradigm, stemming from the third SCAR report, makes the case for this: “to stay within the capacity of system Earth, demand increases need to be mitigated through behavioural change and structural changes in food systems and supply chains. Moreover, environmental externalities need to be internalised in markets through appropriate governance structures that also address the disruptive effect of unregulated trade.”

And this sufficiency paradigm in turn helped lead towards the farmer-led European Innovation Partnership (EIP). But why just EIP? This needs to be the mainframe of farming food and policy for the EU.

3: Coherence is needed in all agri-food related policies.

Rationale: According to Reuters: “The EU produces around 280,000 tonnes of raw tobacco each year, equivalent to about 4 percent of global output. Italy is the bloc’s biggest producer, followed by Bulgaria, Poland and Spain.

The bloc is also currently debating new legal proposals for tougher controls on the sale of tobacco products.”

How is it coherent for farmers in Italy Bulgaria, Poland and Spain to be paid for growing tobacco when all EU health policy is aimed at reducing tobacco consumption? This simply gives a weapon to Euroskeptics.

Farming, environment and health need to make one holistic packing, informed all the time by a desire to create the harmonious functioning of society in general, from living working countrysides to well fed cities.

Part of this process is the end of the what is oft called silo thinking: Both Arie Van Der Brand and Chris Stopes have both mentioned slio thinking at EOC, others may have too. Production, distribution and consumption; farming, science and activism, even micro branches of science can all operate in and as silos. EIP is part of the end of silo thinking – it is a partnership between farmers and researchers, and is led by farmers. Likewise, agroecology automatically, by its name and meaning, is a way to pull two areas – at least – together .It has the potential, if applied strongly, to pull all of these areas just outlined together.

4: Better synergies with LEADER and other similar initiatives.

Rationale: EIP does great work but with a small budget. LEADER, by contrast, has a better budget and is malleable based on rural needs, due to its bottom up functionality.

LEADER is under pressure in places like Ireland precisely because it is successful and community-orientated, and this does not auger well for the state of LEADER under the new AG Commissioner Phil Hogan. Nevertheless it is there and the organic and strong agroecological communities need to work with it. A great example emerged from the EOC of the Italian Local Action Group Terre di Murgia.  (home page in Italian here) This needs to be more of what happens everywhere.


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Oliver Moore
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Dr. Oliver Moore is the communications director and editor-in-chief with ARC2020. He has a PhD in the sociology of farming and food, where he specialised in organics and direct sales. He is published in the International Journal of Consumer Studies, International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology and the Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development. A weekly columnist and contributor with Irish Examiner, he is a regular on Countrywide (Irish farm radio show on the national broadcaster RTE 1) and engages in other communications work around agri-food and rural issues, such as with the soil, permaculture, climate change adaptation and citizen science initiative Grow Observatory . He lectures part time in the Centre for Co-operative Studies UCC.                                                                                                                                                                                                                     A propos d'Oliver Moore Oliver voyage beaucoup moins qu’auparavant, pour ce qui concerne son activité professionnelle. Il peut néanmoins admirer par la fenêtre de son bureau les mésanges charbonnières et les corbeaux perchés au sommet du saule dans le jardin de sa maison au cœur de l’écovillage de Cloughjordan, en Irlande. L’écovillage est un site de 67 acres dans le nord du Tipperary. Il comprend d’espaces boisés, des paysages comestibles, des lieux de vie, d’habitation et de travail, ainsi qu’une ferme appartenant à la communauté. Les jours où il travaille dans le bureau du centre d’entreprise communautaire, il profite d’une vue sur les chevaux, les panneaux solaires, les toilettes sèches et les jardins familiaux.  Ce bureau au sein de l’écovillage constitue en effet un tiers-lieu de travail accueillant également des collaborateurs des associations Cultivate et Ecolise, ainsi qu’un laboratoire de fabrication (« fab lab »).  Oliver est membre du conseil d’administration de la ferme communautaire (pour la seconde fois !) et donne également des cours sur le Master en coopératives, agroalimentaire et développement durable à l’University College Cork. Il a une formation en sociologie rurale : son doctorat et les articles qu’il publie dans des journaux scientifiques portent sur ce domaine au sens large. Il consacre la majorité de son temps de travail à l’ARC 2020. Il collabore avec ARC depuis 2013, date à laquelle l’Irlande a assuré la présidence de l’UE pendant six mois. C’est là qu’il a pu constater l’importance de la politique agroalimentaire et rurale grâce à sa chronique hebdomadaire sur le site d’ARC. Après six mois, il est nommé rédacteur en chef et responsable de la communication, poste qu’il occupe toujours aujourd’hui. Oliver supervise le contenu du site web et des médias sociaux, aide à définir l’orientation de l’organisation et parfois même rédige un article pour le site web.  À l’époque où on voyageait davantage, il a eu la chance de passer du temps sous les tropiques, où il a aidé des ONG irlandaises de commerce équitable – au Ghana, au Kenya, au Mali, en Inde et au Salvador – à raconter leur histoire. Il se peut que ces jours-là reviennent. Pour son compte Oliver continuera de préférer naviguer en Europe par bateau, puis en train. Après tout, la France n’est qu’à une nuit de navigation. En attendant, il y a toujours de nombreuses possibilités de bénévolat dans la communauté dans les campagnes du centre de l’Irlande.