The original CSA? interview with Ryoko Shimizo of SEIKATSU

Hannes Lorenzen and Ryoko Shimizu Tokyo 13 08 14

Here we feature an exclusive interview with one of the modern world’s true food heroes. We talk to Ryoko Shimizu, research fellow of the Japanese Consumer Co-Operative Union SEIKATSU. The role of civil society in establishing sustainable and local food chains in Japan, fair relations between consumers and farmers and  the consequences of ongoing international trade negotiations on the future of food are all examined as topicsFor nearly 30 years, Ryoko Shimizuhas been working for the SEIKATSU CLUB, the consumers co-operative inJapan which came into life in 1965 as an initiative of women who wanted to reform their lives and local communities, based on a democratic and sustainable food system. The “women’s club”, which emerged at a similar time to the Teikei movement, later got involved in the co-operative movement under the motto “autonomous control of our lives”, in order to manage together a food chain from farms to consumers, so as to offer safe food to their members safe at affordable prices.

Today SEIKATSU counts 340.000 members, mainly from the 4 prefectures around Tokyo.

Arc2020’s Hannes Lorenzen interviewed Ryoko for ARC2020 in Tokyo in mid August.

Hannes: Ryoko, your co-operative began almost 50 years ago. What were women back then concerned about when they founded the club?

Ryoko:  In the 1960’s and 1970’s, Japanese economy grew very rapidly. People left their hometown to live in urban areas to find their jobs. At that time, most women quit their job after getting married. Women were isolated and trying to find ways to help each other in daily lives. They were in general well educated, had a lot of talents, but stayed at home and did not work outside. Their families were very isolated, many women felt lonely. Co-operatives were the natural way of overcoming that isolation and providing enough and safe food for all.

H. SEIKATSU has grown to an impressive size. What do members of the co-op have to contribute and what can they decide?

R. The contribution in terms of fees is rather low, 1000 yen (7 euros) per month. But the influence on goals and management is high. Members define their own brand of products, which food items they wish to buy, processing, packaging and so on, this is all part of bottom-up decision-making. We have around 1700 items from basics like rice, eggs and milk, but also fresh fruit and vegetables fish, meat, and processed products.

H. Who is managing all that? Do you have paid staff?

R. We do have paid staff, but most of the members are not paid and still do a lot of voluntary work. However, the voluntary contribution is decreasing, as more and more women have a paid job now, and no time to contribute. But our strength still lies in our mutual aid business model. We conduct non-profit and co-operative business in local food systems, cooperation with farmers, but our role is also to do research on food quality, reduction of harmful substances, of food waste, promoting renewable energy and so on..

H. But you even own a milk factory..

R. Yes, this was at the beginning of the movement. It still is a symbol of solidarity with farmers. We have invested together and we supply together the urban neighborhoods. We have a similar kind of relation with rice farmers, mainly from the Yamagata area. We support small farmers, we have developed our own quality standards with them and we help them to move from a chemically based farming to a more sustainable food system.

H. Establishing your own standards and controls is not for free. How can you afford such a challenge and how does it work?

R. We do a lot of research and quality checks based on a voluntary system. We have decided to outlaw unsustainable chemicals, detergents; we are part of the movement against the use of GMOs in food production and of GMO free regions; we promote clean and local energy systems and recycling. There are more than 500 social businesses running these services, 40.000 users and 11.000 members of such businesses. It is all self-organised.

H. What about farm and food industry workers?

R. We have also created the workers collective movement on the local level, including lunch box deliveries; we offer social services in our local communities, such as help for the elderly, infants and children. These are 530 organisations with 17.000 members and a total sales of 14.8 bn yen (100.mio euro).

H. Do you get any public aid form the state to carry out these services?

R. No, workers collectives are not legally recognized which is a problem but our goal is to achieve that. The problem is that the state does not take this model of self-organization very seriously. We are told that co-operatives, especially farmers’ co-ops are not “competitive” and that they should produce more farm products for export.

H. Isn’t Japan already importing a lot of food from abroad?

R. Yes we are. We import now a lot of processed food from China, corn and soya beans from the US. However, on rice we are still almost self-sufficient as well as on fruit and vegetables.

H. Could that change if there was an agreement with the US on a Trans Pacific Trade agreement (TPP)?

R. Yes I think it would. Our government believes that Japan depends on trade, especially in the industrial and automobile sector and that we should specialize on a few high quality food products for export. They do not believe in the co-operative food and agriculture system, which is very unfortunate, because the movement and the knowledgeis here.

H. Has the tsunami and nuclear accident in Fukushima three years ago changed something? Are people not aware about the importance of healthy food and a more sustainable energy system?

R. Fukushima was a shock for us, but many people have quickly returned to business as usual. It is amazing how quickly people in the government and in the business sector can forget about that. Many people especially in urban areas are now more concerned about food scandal of imported poisoned chicken from China. Our co-op has our own control and our own safety levels for contaminated food. There is even a foundation to compensate farmers for losses when they cannot sell their contaminated food. But the nuclear complex and the dangers related to that are not an issue any more.

H. How do you see the future of food co-ops in Japan?

R. I think there is a future because the spirit of cooperation on food is still very strong. But I have to admit that voluntary contributions are decreasing and especially young people are missing. In general, young people seem to prefer enjoying their lives and are not so interested in the movement. When I was young, I was interested in traveling, discovering the world and getting organized for changing the world. This seems to be less popular today, but it is always worth trying to keep the cooperative and solidarity spirit awake.

SEKATSU received the “Right Livelihood Award” – the so-called Alternative Nobel Price in 1989, and the Awards of the United Nations of “the 50 Communities” which share a common unity and have a sense of place.


From Seikatsu

Presentation in English on Seikatsu

Seikatsu Club Keynote

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About Hannes Lorenzen 45 Articles

Hannes Lorenzen was senior adviser to the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development of the European Parliament in Brussels and Strasbourg from 1985 to 2019. Before starting his career in the European institutions, he carried out research, coordination and evaluation work on rural development projects with the Technical Service of the German Government. On the international level Hannes Lorenzen is co-founder of Genetic Resources Action International ( and co-president of the European Rural Development Network Forum Synergies ( He is also co-founder of PREPARE, the "Partnership for Rural Europe" network for Central and Eastern European Member States (, serving as chairman and president until 2016. He co-founded ARC2020 and is its president since 2016. Closer to home, Hannes chairs a local rural development organization on his home island of Pellworm in North Friesland, Germany, which works o organic farming, renewable energy production, soft tourism and nature protection projects in a local dimension.

Hannes Lorenzen a été conseiller auprès de la Commission de l’Agriculture et du Développement Rural du Parlement Européen à Bruxelles et à Strasbourg de 1985 à 2019. Avant d’entamer sa carrière au sein des institutions européennes, il a effectué des travaux de recherche, de coordination et d’évaluation de projets de développement rural au sein du service coopération du gouvernement allemand. Au niveau international, Hannes LORENZEN est co-fondateur de Forum Synergies, réseau européen de développement rural ( Il a cofondé ARC2020 et en est le président depuis 2016. Hannes préside aussi une organisation locale de développement rural sur son île natale de PELLWORM, en Allemagne. Cette organisation travaille sur des projets d’agriculture biologique, de production d’énergie renouvelable, de tourisme doux et de protection de la nature à l’échelle locale. Sur l’île il est aussi engagé avec des jeunes agriculteurs dans le développement et la reproduction des semences paysannes en bio et la biodiversité en agriculture. Hannes a toujours vu l’agriCulture française au cœur de l’intégration européenne. L’amour et le respect des français pour leurs paysans et l’appréciation de la “bonne bouffe” ont aussi été une flammèche pour se lancer dans cette nouvelle aventure du projet “La résilience de nos compagnes” de ARC2020. Même si un petit virus empêche Hannes de voyager pour l’instant, il est déjà en route pour rencontrer plein de monde qui bouge pour une transition juste et attirante…