EU Commission scope finds merit in “alternative production”

“…a series of emerging challenges and risks could put the currently successful European food system under severe stress. These challenges include demographic imbalances, climate change, resource and energy scarcity, slowing agricultural productivity, increasing concentration of the supply chain, price volatility, changing diet trends and the emergence of anti-microbial resistant strands.”

Image by Diego Delso from Wikimedia Commons

That’s according to a statement from Directorate General for Health and Consumers (DG SANCO) of the European Commission. DG SANTO’s scoping study on ‘Delivering on EU Food safety and Nutrition in 2050 – Scenarios of future change and policy responses’ is a first step of a Foresight Project for future food policy development. The study identifies the challenges and consequences for the EU food legislative framework, with the aim of providing “insight and guidance for future policy-making and the research which underpins EU policy” the document claims.

The following scenarios were developed

Scenario 1: Rapid surge in global trade in food and feed, with highly concentrated agri-food industries

Scenario 2: Break-down of global cooperation in a multipolar world

Scenario 3: Long-term austerity and a shift to private food safety controls in the EU

Scenario 4: Severe inequality linked to food insecurity of vulnerable consumers and polarised diets

Scenario 5: Strong shift in EU consumer preferences to food from alternative production systems

Scenario 6: Widespread consumption of high-tech functional foods

Scenario 7: Global resource depletion

Scenario 8: Global disruptions of agriculture from climate change

Scenario 9: Breakdown in consumer trust in food following the emergence of food chain risks

To build these scenarios, key drivers trends and uncertainties were developed, in areas such as trade, governance, institutions, consumer issues, standards, demography, resources , climate change, technology, risks and food system dynamics.

Of these, “the scenario that is on average considered more plausible than implausible the soonest is Scenario 4 – ‘Severe inequality and highly polarised diets’” the report finds.

From an EU policy development perspective,  “policy areas in Scenario 1 – ‘Rapid surge in global trade’, Scenario 5 – ‘Shift to alternative production systems’ and Scenario 6 – ‘Widespread consumption of functional foods’ scenarios are  “considered to be relatively positively impacted”.

Scenario 5 – ‘Shift to alternative production systems’ performs especially well, as can be seen on page 20 and 21 of the executive summary, in terms of “policy” and “other” areas. Here it scores positively in 12 out of 16 areas, the largest number for any scenario. These include in animal health and welfare (the only Scenario to achieve this), health and nutrition and plant health for “policy” areas, and environmental sustainability, consumer choice, internal market and competition for “other” areas. It was also the only Scenario to score positively for social stability and equity in “other”, though even then only marginally.

The scoping exercise concludes “a range of incentives to induce behavioural change can potentially be applied at all levels of the food chain, from primary production (e.g. concerning more sustainable production methods), to marketing and pricing of products (e.g. better nutrition labelling, possible fees, charges or taxes on unhealthy or unsustainable products) and on to consumption (e.g. measures to reduce meat consumption).

These would need to be complemented by relevant education and communication measures (e.g. concerning nutrition-related knowledge, information and education to emphasise the advantages and lifestyle value of a more plant-based diet, but also cooking skills and elementary food safety rules, as a lack in these increases the need to consume processed foods).

Promoting diversity in the food system is critical to increase resilience to future shocks or disruptions. In order to achieve a resilient EU food system that can withstand a diverse range of challenges, the results of this scoping study point to the importance of diversity. While increasing sustainability of the food chain, EU policies therefore need to also ensure that diversity in the food system, including different primary production models that employ diverse plant and animal genetic resources, as well as different processing, distribution and consumption models, remain in place.

Diversity in the food system should also be increased, by promoting diverse agricultural models, production sizes and technological processes, encouraging short and direct food chains, such as the provision of food from local markets/producers, organic or low-input agriculture, urban gardening, to complement the increasingly complex and long international food web. To accomplish this, the diversity of food production models may necessitate legislation that is adapted to those that are not considered ‘mainstream’.

Furthermore, maintaining diversity over the long term may require innovative approaches, as it can be expected that the availability of support tools (such as direct support) will diminish through the increased liberalisation of agricultural markets.”

Oliver Moore
About Oliver Moore 189 Articles
DR. Oliver Moore is the communications director and editor-in-chief with ARC2020. He has a PhD in the sociology of farming and food, where he specialised in organics and direct sales. He is published in the International Journal of Consumer Studies, International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology and the Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development. A weekly columnist and contributor with Irish Examiner, he is a regular on Countrywide (Irish farm radio show on the national broadcaster RTE 1) and engages in other communications work around agri-food and rural issues, such as with the soil, permaculture, climate change adaptation and citizen science initiative Grow Observatory . He lectures part time in the Centre for Co-operative Studies UCC                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Oliver voyage beaucoup moins qu’auparavant, pour ce qui concerne son activité professionnelle. Il peut néanmoins admirer par la fenêtre de son bureau les mésanges charbonnières et les corbeaux perchés au sommet du saule dans le jardin de sa maison au cÅ“ur de l’écovillage de Cloughjordan, en Irlande. L’écovillage est un site de 67 acres dans le nord du Tipperary. Il comprend d’espaces boisés, des paysages comestibles, des lieux de vie, d’habitation et de travail, ainsi qu’une ferme appartenant à la communauté. Les jours où il travaille dans le bureau du centre d’entreprise communautaire, il profite d’une vue sur les chevaux, les panneaux solaires, les toilettes sèches et les jardins familiaux.  Ce bureau au sein de l’écovillage constitue en effet un tiers-lieu de travail accueillant également des collaborateurs des associations Cultivate et Ecolise, ainsi qu’un laboratoire de fabrication (« fab lab »).  Oliver est membre du conseil d’administration de la ferme communautaire (pour la seconde fois !) et donne également des cours sur le Master en coopératives, agroalimentaire et développement durable à l’University College Cork. Il a une formation en sociologie rurale : son doctorat et les articles qu’il publie dans des journaux scientifiques portent sur ce domaine au sens large. Il consacre la majorité de son temps de travail à l’ARC 2020. Il collabore avec ARC depuis 2013, date à laquelle l’Irlande a assuré la présidence de l’UE pendant six mois. C’est là qu’il a pu constater l’importance de la politique agroalimentaire et rurale grâce à sa chronique hebdomadaire sur le site d’ARC. Après six mois, il est nommé rédacteur en chef et responsable de la communication, poste qu’il occupe toujours aujourd’hui. Oliver supervise le contenu du site web et des médias sociaux, aide à définir l’orientation de l’organisation et parfois même rédige un article pour le site web.  À l’époque où on voyageait davantage, il a eu la chance de passer du temps sous les tropiques, où il a aidé des ONG irlandaises de commerce équitable – au Ghana, au Kenya, au Mali, en Inde et au Salvador – à raconter leur histoire.  Il se peut que ces jours-là reviennent. Pour son compte Oliver continuera de préférer naviguer en Europe par bateau, puis en train. Après tout, la France n’est qu’à une nuit de navigation. En attendant, il y a toujours de nombreuses possibilités de bénévolat dans la communauté dans les campagnes du centre de l’Irlande.